City of Dayton Ohio Census Information Data

HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES: In 2005-2009 there were 64,000 households in Dayton, Ohio. The average household size was 2.3 people.
Families made up 53 percent of the households in Dayton, Ohio. This figure includes both married-couple families (28 percent) and other families (25 percent). Nonfamily households made up 47 percent of all households in Dayton, Ohio. Most of the nonfamily households were people living alone, but some were composed of people living in households in which no one was related to the householder.

The Types of Households in Dayton, Ohio in 2005-2009
Married-couple families    28%
Other families    25%
People living alone    39%
Other nonfamily households    7%

Percent of households

NATIVITY AND LANGUAGE: Two percent of the people living in Dayton, Ohio in 2005-2009 were foreign born. Ninety-eight percent was native, including 71 percent who were born in Ohio.

Among people at least five years old living in Dayton, Ohio in 2005-2009, 4 percent spoke a language other than English at home. Of those speaking a language other than English at home, 47 percent spoke Spanish and 53 percent spoke some other language; 47 percent reported that they did not speak English “very well.”

GEOGRAPHIC MOBILITY: In 2005-2009, 75 percent of the people at least one year old living in Dayton, Ohio were living in the same residence one year earlier; 19 percent had moved during the past year from another residence in the same county, 3 percent from another county in the same state, 3 percent from another state, and less than 0.5 percent from abroad.

Geographic Mobility of Residents of Dayton, Ohio in 2005-2009
Same residence    75%
Different residence, same county    19%
Different county, same state    3%
Different state    3%
Abroad    0%

Percent of people age 1 year and over

EDUCATION: In 2005-2009, 80 percent of people 25 years and over had at least graduated from high school and 16 percent had a bachelor’s degree or higher. Twenty percent were dropouts; they were not enrolled in school and had not graduated from high school.

The total school enrollment in Dayton, Ohio was 47,000 in 2005-2009. Nursery school and kindergarten enrollment was 4,400 and elementary or high school enrollment was 24,000 children. College or graduate school enrollment was 19,000.

The Educational Attainment of People in Dayton, Ohio in 2005-2009
Graduate or professional degree    5%
Bachelor’s degree    10%
Associate’s degree    7%
Some college, no degree    24%
High school diploma or equivalency    33%
Less than high school diploma    20%

Percent of people 25 years and over

DISABILITY: In Dayton, Ohio, among people at least five years old in 2005-2009, percent reported a disability. The likelihood of having a disability varied by age – from percent of people 5 to 15 years old, to percent of people 16 to 64 years old, and to percent of those 65 and older.

INDUSTRIES: In 2005-2009, for the employed population 16 years and older, the leading industries in Dayton, Ohio were Educational services, and health care, and social assistance, 24 percent, and Arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services, 14 percent.

Employment by Industry in Dayton, Ohio in 2005-2009
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining    0%
Construction    5%
Manufacturing    13%
Wholesale trade    2%
Retail trade    10%
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities    5%
Information    2%
Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing    4%
Professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services    9%
Educational services, and health care and social assistance    24%
Arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services    14%
Other Services, except public administration    5%
Public administration    7%

Percent of employed people 16 years and over

OCCUPATIONS AND TYPE OF EMPLOYER: Among the most common occupations were: Management, professional, and related occupations, 26 percent; Service occupations, 26 percent; Sales and office occupations, 24 percent; Production, transportation, and material moving occupations, 18 percent; and Construction, extraction, maintenance, and repair occupations, 7 percent. Eighty percent of the people employed were Private wage and salary workers; 16 percent was Federal, state, or local government workers; and 4 percent was Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers.

TRAVEL TO WORK: Seventy-three percent of Dayton, Ohio workers drove to work alone in 2005-2009, 11 percent carpooled, 6 percent took public transportation, and 7 percent used other means. The remaining 2 percent worked at home. Among those who commuted to work, it took them on average 20.2 minutes to get to work.

INCOME: The median income of households in Dayton, Ohio was $29,234. Seventy-two percent of the households received earnings and 19 percent received retirement income other than Social Security. Twenty-eight percent of the households received Social Security. The average income from Social Security was $12,175. These income sources are not mutually exclusive; that is, some households received income from more than one source.

POVERTY AND PARTICIPATION IN GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS: In 2005-2009, 29 percent of people were in poverty. Forty-one percent of related children under 18 were below the poverty level, compared with 15 percent of people 65 years old and over. Twenty-four percent of all families and 45 percent of families with a female householder and no husband present had incomes below the poverty level.

Poverty Rates in Dayton, Ohio in 2005-2009
People age 65 and over    15%
Related children under 18 years    41%
All families    24%
Female householder families    45%

Percent below poverty level

POPULATION OF Dayton, Ohio: In 2005-2009, Dayton, Ohio had a total population of 156,000 – 81,000 (52 percent) females and 75,000 (48 percent) males. The median age was 33.6 years. Twenty-four percent of the population was under 18 years and 12 percent was 65 years and older.

The Age Distribution of People in Dayton, Ohio in 2005-2009
65 and over    12%
45 to 64    24%
25 to 44    27%
18 to 24    14%
Under 18    24%

Percent of population

For people reporting one race alone, 56 percent was White; 40 percent was Black or African American; less than 0.5 percent was American Indian and Alaska Native; 1 percent was Asian; less than 0.5 percent was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and 1 percent was Some other race. Two percent reported Two or more races. Two percent of the people in Dayton, Ohio was Hispanic. Fifty-five percent of the people in Dayton, Ohio was White non-Hispanic. People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS: In 2005-2009, Dayton, Ohio had a total of 81,000 housing units, 20 percent of which were vacant. Of the total housing units, 66 percent was in single-unit structures, 33 percent was in multi-unit structures, and 1 percent was mobile homes. Six percent of the housing units were built since 1990.

The Types of Housing Units in Dayton, Ohio in 2005-2009
Single-unit structures    66%
In multi-unit structures    33%
Mobile homes    1%

Percent of housing units

OCCUPIED HOUSING UNIT CHARACTERISTICS: In 2005-2009, Dayton, Ohio had 64,000 occupied housing units – 33,000 (51 percent) owner occupied and 32,000 (49 percent) renter occupied. Six percent of the households did not have telephone service and 19 percent of the households did not have access to a car, truck, or van for private use. Twenty-nine percent had two vehicles and another 12 percent had three or more.

HOUSING COSTS: The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners was $995, nonmortgaged owners $370, and renters $602. Thirty-four percent of owners with mortgages, 21 percent of owners without mortgages, and 59 percent of renters in Dayton, Ohio spent 30 percent or more of household income on housing.

Occupants with a Housing Cost Burden in Dayton, Ohio in 2005-2009
Owners with mortgage    34%
Owners without mortgage    21%
Renters    59%

Percent paying 30 percent or more of income for housing

American Community Survey, 2005-2009.