City of Columbus Ohio Census Information Data

HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES: In 2005-2009 there were 313,000 households in Columbus, Ohio. The average household size was 2.3 people.
Families made up 54 percent of the households in Columbus, Ohio. This figure includes both married-couple families (35 percent) and other families (20 percent). Nonfamily households made up 46 percent of all households in Columbus, Ohio. Most of the nonfamily households were people living alone, but some were composed of people living in households in which no one was related to the householder.

The Types of Households in Columbus, Ohio in 2005-2009
Married-couple families    35%
Other families    20%
People living alone    36%
Other nonfamily households    10%

Percent of households

NATIVITY AND LANGUAGE: Ten percent of the people living in Columbus, Ohio in 2005-2009 were foreign born. Ninety percent was native, including 67 percent who were born in Ohio.

Among people at least five years old living in Columbus, Ohio in 2005-2009, 12 percent spoke a language other than English at home. Of those speaking a language other than English at home, 33 percent spoke Spanish and 67 percent spoke some other language; 46 percent reported that they did not speak English “very well.”

GEOGRAPHIC MOBILITY: In 2005-2009, 76 percent of the people at least one year old living in Columbus, Ohio were living in the same residence one year earlier; 17 percent had moved during the past year from another residence in the same county, 4 percent from another county in the same state, 2 percent from another state, and 1 percent from abroad.

Geographic Mobility of Residents of Columbus, Ohio in 2005-2009
Same residence    76%
Different residence, same county    17%
Different county, same state    4%
Different state    2%
Abroad    1%

Percent of people age 1 year and over

EDUCATION: In 2005-2009, 87 percent of people 25 years and over had at least graduated from high school and 33 percent had a bachelor’s degree or higher. Thirteen percent were dropouts; they were not enrolled in school and had not graduated from high school.

The total school enrollment in Columbus, Ohio was 209,000 in 2005-2009. Nursery school and kindergarten enrollment was 21,000 and elementary or high school enrollment was 106,000 children. College or graduate school enrollment was 82,000.

The Educational Attainment of People in Columbus, Ohio in 2005-2009
Graduate or professional degree    10%
Bachelor’s degree    22%
Associate’s degree    6%
Some college, no degree    21%
High school diploma or equivalency    28%
Less than high school diploma    13%

Percent of people 25 years and over

DISABILITY: In Columbus, Ohio, among people at least five years old in 2005-2009, percent reported a disability. The likelihood of having a disability varied by age – from percent of people 5 to 15 years old, to percent of people 16 to 64 years old, and to percent of those 65 and older.

INDUSTRIES: In 2005-2009, for the employed population 16 years and older, the leading industries in Columbus, Ohio were Educational services, and health care, and social assistance, 23 percent, and Retail trade, 13 percent.

Employment by Industry in Columbus, Ohio in 2005-2009
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining    0%
Construction    4%
Manufacturing    7%
Wholesale trade    3%
Retail trade    13%
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities    5%
Information    3%
Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing    10%
Professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services    12%
Educational services, and health care and social assistance    23%
Arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services    10%
Other Services, except public administration    4%
Public administration    5%

Percent of employed people 16 years and over

OCCUPATIONS AND TYPE OF EMPLOYER: Among the most common occupations were: Management, professional, and related occupations, 38 percent; Sales and office occupations, 28 percent; Service occupations, 17 percent; Production, transportation, and material moving occupations, 11 percent; and Construction, extraction, maintenance, and repair occupations, 6 percent. Eighty percent of the people employed were Private wage and salary workers; 15 percent was Federal, state, or local government workers; and 4 percent was Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers.

TRAVEL TO WORK: Eighty-one percent of Columbus, Ohio workers drove to work alone in 2005-2009, 8 percent carpooled, 3 percent took public transportation, and 4 percent used other means. The remaining 3 percent worked at home. Among those who commuted to work, it took them on average 20.8 minutes to get to work.

INCOME: The median income of households in Columbus, Ohio was $43,569. Eighty-three percent of the households received earnings and 13 percent received retirement income other than Social Security. Eighteen percent of the households received Social Security. The average income from Social Security was $13,408. These income sources are not mutually exclusive; that is, some households received income from more than one source.

POVERTY AND PARTICIPATION IN GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS: In 2005-2009, 20 percent of people were in poverty. Twenty-seven percent of related children under 18 were below the poverty level, compared with 13 percent of people 65 years old and over. Fifteen percent of all families and 34 percent of families with a female householder and no husband present had incomes below the poverty level.

Poverty Rates in Columbus, Ohio in 2005-2009
People age 65 and over    13%
Related children under 18 years    27%
All families    15%
Female householder families    34%

Percent below poverty level

POPULATION OF Columbus, Ohio: In 2005-2009, Columbus, Ohio had a total population of 754,000 – 384,000 (51 percent) females and 369,000 (49 percent) males. The median age was 31.2 years. Twenty-three percent of the population was under 18 years and 9 percent was 65 years and older.

The Age Distribution of People in Columbus, Ohio in 2005-2009
65 and over    9%
45 to 64    21%
25 to 44    36%
18 to 24    12%
Under 18    23%

Percent of population

For people reporting one race alone, 66 percent was White; 26 percent was Black or African American; less than 0.5 percent was American Indian and Alaska Native; 4 percent was Asian; less than 0.5 percent was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and 2 percent was Some other race. Three percent reported Two or more races. Five percent of the people in Columbus, Ohio was Hispanic. Sixty-three percent of the people in Columbus, Ohio was White non-Hispanic. People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS: In 2005-2009, Columbus, Ohio had a total of 367,000 housing units, 15 percent of which were vacant. Of the total housing units, 59 percent was in single-unit structures, 40 percent was in multi-unit structures, and 1 percent was mobile homes. Twenty-seven percent of the housing units were built since 1990.

The Types of Housing Units in Columbus, Ohio in 2005-2009
Single-unit structures    59%
In multi-unit structures    40%
Mobile homes    1%

Percent of housing units

OCCUPIED HOUSING UNIT CHARACTERISTICS: In 2005-2009, Columbus, Ohio had 313,000 occupied housing units – 159,000 (51 percent) owner occupied and 154,000 (49 percent) renter occupied. Six percent of the households did not have telephone service and 10 percent of the households did not have access to a car, truck, or van for private use. Thirty-five percent had two vehicles and another 12 percent had three or more.

HOUSING COSTS: The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners was $1,298, nonmortgaged owners $431, and renters $739. Thirty-two percent of owners with mortgages, 16 percent of owners without mortgages, and 48 percent of renters in Columbus, Ohio spent 30 percent or more of household income on housing.

Occupants with a Housing Cost Burden in Columbus, Ohio in 2005-2009
Owners with mortgage    32%
Owners without mortgage    16%
Renters    48%

Percent paying 30 percent or more of income for housing

American Community Survey, 2005-2009.