City of Parma Ohio

HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES: In 2005-2009 there were 32,000 households in Parma city. The average household size was 2.4 people.

Families made up 64 percent of the households in Parma city. This figure includes both married-couple families (49 percent) and other families (15 percent). Nonfamily households made up 36 percent of all households in Parma city. Most of the nonfamily households were people living alone, but some were composed of people living in households in which no one was related to the householder.

The Types of Households in Parma city, Ohio in 2005-2009

Married-couple families 49%
Other families 15%
People living alone 31%
Other nonfamily households 5%

Percent of households  NATIVITY AND LANGUAGE: Ten percent of the people living in Parma city in 2005-2009 were foreign born. Ninety percent was native, including 79 percent who were born in Ohio. Among people at least five years old living in Parma city in 2005-2009, 14 percent spoke a language other than English at home. Of those speaking a language other than English at home, 10 percent spoke Spanish and 90 percent spoke some other language; 42 percent reported that they did not speak English “very well.” GEOGRAPHIC MOBILITY: In 2005-2009, 89 percent of the people at least one year old living in Parma city were living in the same residence one year earlier; 9 percent had moved during the past year from another residence in the same county, 1 percent from another county in the same state, 1 percent from another state, and less than 0.5 percent from abroad. Geographic Mobility of Residents of Parma city, Ohio in 2005-2009

Same residence 89%
Different residence, same county 9%
Different county, same state 1%
Different state 1%
Abroad 0%

Percent of people age 1 year and over

EDUCATION: In 2005-2009, 88 percent of people 25 years and over had at least graduated from high school and 20 percent had a bachelor’s degree or higher. Twelve percent were dropouts; they were not enrolled in school and had not graduated from high school.

The total school enrollment in Parma city was 18,000 in 2005-2009. Nursery school and kindergarten enrollment was 2,100 and elementary or high school enrollment was 12,000 children. College or graduate school enrollment was 4,600.

The Educational Attainment of People in Parma city, Ohio in 2005-2009

Graduate or professional degree 6%
Bachelor’s degree 14%
Associate’s degree 8%
Some college, no degree 23%
High school diploma or equivalency 37%
Less than high school diploma 12%

Percent of people 25 years and over DISABILITY: In Parma city, among people at least five years old in 2005-2009, percent reported a disability. The likelihood of having a disability varied by age – from percent of people 5 to 15 years old, to percent of people 16 to 64 years old, and to percent of those 65 and older. INDUSTRIES: In 2005-2009, for the employed population 16 years and older, the leading industries in Parma city were Educational services, and health care, and social assistance, 21 percent, and Manufacturing, 15 percent. Employment by Industry in Parma city, Ohio in 2005-2009

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 0%
Construction 5%
Manufacturing 15%
Wholesale trade 4%
Retail trade 12%
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 5%
Information 2%
Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 8%
Professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services 10%
Educational services, and health care and social assistance 21%
Arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services 8%
Other Services, except public administration 4%
Public administration 4%

Percent of employed people 16 years and over

OCCUPATIONS AND TYPE OF EMPLOYER: Among the most common occupations were: Management, professional, and related occupations, 30 percent; Sales and office occupations, 29 percent; Service occupations, 17 percent; Production, transportation, and material moving occupations, 16 percent; and Construction, extraction, maintenance, and repair occupations, 9 percent. Eighty-five percent of the people employed were Private wage and salary workers; 12 percent was Federal, state, or local government workers; and 3 percent was Self-employed in own not incorporated business workers.

TRAVEL TO WORK: Eighty-six percent of Parma city workers drove to work alone in 2005-2009, 7 percent carpooled, 2 percent took public transportation, and 3 percent used other means. The remaining 1 percent worked at home. Among those who commuted to work, it took them on average 23.4 minutes to get to work.

INCOME: The median income of households in Parma city was $50,735. Seventy-six percent of the households received earnings and 22 percent received retirement income other than Social Security. Thirty-two percent of the households received Social Security. The average income from Social Security was $14,989. These income sources are not mutually exclusive; that is, some households received income from more than one source.

POVERTY AND PARTICIPATION IN GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS: In 2005-2009, 7 percent of people were in poverty. Eight percent of related children under 18 were below the poverty level, compared with 6 percent of people 65 years old and over. Five percent of all families and 14 percent of families with a female householder and no husband present had incomes below the poverty level.

Poverty Rates in Parma city, Ohio in 2005-2009

People age 65 and over 6%
Related children under 18 years 8%
All families 5%
Female householder families 14%

Percent below poverty level Source: American Community Survey, 2005-2009 POPULATION OF Parma city: In 2005-2009, Parma city had a total population of 79,000 – 41,000 (52 percent) females and 38,000 (48 percent) males. The median age was 40.6 years. Twenty-two percent of the population was under 18 years and 18 percent was 65 years and older. The Age Distribution of People in Parma city, Ohio in 2005-2009

65 and over 18%
45 to 64 26%
25 to 44 27%
18 to 24 8%
Under 18 22%

Percent of population

Source: American Community Survey, 2005-2009

For people reporting one race alone, 95 percent was White; 2 percent was Black or African American; less than 0.5 percent was American Indian and Alaska Native; 1 percent was Asian; less than 0.5 percent was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and 1 percent was Some other race. One percent reported Two or more races. Two percent of the people in Parma city was Hispanic. Ninety-four percent of the people in Parma city was White non-Hispanic. People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS: In 2005-2009, Parma city had a total of 35,000 housing units, 7 percent of which were vacant. Of the total housing units, 80 percent was in single-unit structures, 20 percent was in multi-unit structures, and less than 0.5 percent was mobile homes. Six percent of the housing units were built since 1990.

The Types of Housing Units in Parma city, Ohio in 2005-2009

Single-unit structures 80%
In multi-unit structures 20%
Mobile homes 0%

Percent of housing units  OCCUPIED HOUSING UNIT CHARACTERISTICS: In 2005-2009, Parma city had 32,000 occupied housing units – 25,000 (77 percent) owner occupied and 7,400 (23 percent) renter occupied. Three percent of the households did not have telephone service and 6 percent of the households did not have access to a car, truck, or van for private use. Multi Vehicle households were not rare. Forty percent had two vehicles and another 17 percent had three or more. HOUSING COSTS: The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners was $1,269, nonmortgaged owners $465, and renters $688. Thirty-two percent of owners with mortgages, 19 percent of owners without mortgages, and 44 percent of renters in Parma city spent 30 percent or more of household income on housing. Occupants with a Housing Cost Burden in Parma city, Ohio in 2005-2009

Owners with mortgage 32%
Owners without mortgage 19%
Renters 44%

Percent paying 30 percent or more of income for housing

Source: American Community Survey, 2005-2009